# IPBPub

# Institute of Physics Belgrade

# Publication Repository

## Recent Submissions

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The Study of Percolation with the Presence of Extended ImpuritiesShow more Show more

Lončarević, Ivana; Budinski-Petković, Ljuba; Dujak, Dijana; Karač, Aleksandar; Jakšić, Zorica; Vrhovac, Slobodan

In the preceding paper, Budinski-Petković et al (2016 J. Stat. Mech. 053101) studied jamming and percolation aspects of random sequential adsorption of extended shapes onto a triangular lattice initially covered with point-like impurities at various concentrations. Here we extend this analysis to needle-like impurities of various lengths ℓ. For a wide range of impurity concentrations p, percolation threshold θp∗ is determined for k-mers, angled objects and triangles of two different sizes. For sufficiently large impurities, percolation threshold θp∗ of all examined objects increases with concentration p, and this increase is more prominent for impurities of a larger length ℓ. We determine the critical concentrations of pc∗ defects above which it is not possible to achieve percolation for a given object, for impurities of various lengths ℓ. It is found that the critical concentration pc∗ of finite-size impurities decreases with the length ℓ of impurities. In the case of deposition of larger objects an exception occurs for point-like impurities when critical concentration pc∗ of monomers is lower than pc∗ for the dimer impurities. At relatively low concentrations p, the presence of small impurities (but not point-like) stimulates the percolation for larger depositing objects.

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Fierz Convergence Criterion: A Controlled Approach to Strongly Interacting Systems with Small Embedded ClustersShow more Show more

Ayral, Thomas; Vučičević, Jakša; Parcollet, Olivier

We present an embedded-cluster method, based on the triply irreducible local expansion formalism. It turns the Fierz ambiguity, inherent to approaches based on a bosonic decoupling of local fermionic interactions, into a convergence criterion. It is based on the approximation of the three-leg vertex by a coarse-grained vertex computed from a self-consistently determined cluster impurity model. The computed self-energies are, by construction, continuous functions of momentum. We show that, in three interaction and doping regimes of the two-dimensional Hubbard model, self-energies obtained with clusters of size four only are very close to numerically exact benchmark results. We show that the Fierz parameter, which parametrizes the freedom in the Hubbard-Stratonovich decoupling, can be used as a quality control parameter. By contrast, the GW+extended dynamical mean field theory approximation with four cluster sites is shown to yield good results only in the weak-coupling regime and for a particular decoupling. Finally, we show that the vertex has spatially nonlocal components only at low Matsubara frequencies.

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Quantum criticality in photorefractive optics: Vortices in laser beams and antiferromagnetsShow more Show more

Čubrović, Mihailo; Petrović, Milan

We study vortex patterns in a prototype nonlinear optical system: counterpropagating laser beams in a photorefractive crystal, with or without the background photonic lattice. The vortices are effectively planar and have two "flavors" because there are two opposite directions of beam propagation. In a certain parameter range, the vortices form stable equilibrium configurations which we study using the methods of statistical field theory and generalize the Berezinsky-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition of the XY model to the "two-flavor" case. In addition to the familiar conductor and insulator phases, we also have the perfect conductor (vortex proliferation in both beams or "flavors") and the frustrated insulator (energy costs of vortex proliferation and vortex annihilation balance each other). In the presence of disorder in the background lattice, a phase appears which shows long-range correlations and absence of long-range order, thus being analogous to glasses. An important benefit of this approach is that qualitative behavior of patterns can be known without intensive numerical work over large areas of the parameter space. The observed phases are analogous to those in magnetic systems, and make (classical) photorefractive optics a fruitful testing ground for (quantum) condensed matter systems. As an example, we map our system to a doped O(3) antiferromagnet with Z2 defects, which has the same structure of the phase diagram.

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Entanglement spectrum of the degenerative ground state of Heisenberg ladders in a time-dependent magnetic fieldShow more Show more

Predin, Sonja

We investigate the relationship between the entanglement and subsystem Hamiltonians in the perturbative regime of strong coupling between subsystems. One of the two conditions that guarantees the proportionality between these Hamiltonians obtained by using the nondegenerate perturbation theory within the first order is that the unperturbed ground state has a trivial entanglement Hamiltonian. Furthermore, we study the entanglement Hamiltonian of the Heisenberg ladders in a time-dependent magnetic field using the degenerate perturbation theory, where couplings between legs are considered as a perturbation. In this case, when the ground state is twofold degenerate, and the entanglement Hamiltonian is proportional to the Hamiltonian of a chain within first-order perturbation theory, even then also the unperturbed ground state has a nontrivial entanglement spectrum.

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Excitonic physics in a Dirac quantum dotShow more Show more

Raca, Vigan; Milovanović, Milica

We present a description of vacuum polarization in a circular Dirac quantum dot in two spatial dimensions assuming α - the relative strength of the Coulomb interaction small enough to render an approximation with a single electron (hole) lowest energy level relevant. Applying this approximation, we find that for αc≈1.05 the lowest level is half filled irrespective of the number of flavors that are present. The ground state can be represented as a superposition of particular (even number) excitonic states which constitute an excitonic cloud that evolves in a crossover manner. The ground state is degenerate with an intervalley excitonic state at αc≈1.05, a critical strength, that in our approximation marks a point with single electron and exciton resonances.